After the hottest decade, the society will enter t

2022-08-23
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Ten years later: the society will enter the era of IOT.

the editor said: "IOT is not a scientific and technological fantasy, but another scientific and technological revolution!", "IOT is the future development trend of Internet." Huang clarified the Secretary General's Outlook: if IOT is combined with 3G network, it will soon change people's lifestyle and make it more convenient and safe

after 10 years, everyone is "Harry Potter"

the key "smells" the owner's smell of alcohol, and will tell the car not to start; Clothes can "tell" how much water and detergent the washing machine put in is the most economical; The schoolbag will "check" what textbooks the child has forgotten; The labels of food and milk powder will introduce to customers whether "oneself" is really "green and safe"... This is not the magic of Harry Potter, this will be our life. Implanted with a "eloquent" high-tech sensor, inanimate objects can also "communicate with each other", forming a more intelligent "IOT" than Internet, so that people can enjoy a safer and easier life. Experts predict that IOT may be popularized on a large scale within 10 years. At present, this technology, which is known as a global economic growth point and will change our way of life, is being bred in Jiangsu. Recently, I felt the magic of this technology in Wuxi micro nano induction technology research and development center

a small chip can make objects "feel and think"

computers and computers are connected into an Internet, which can help people communicate with each other. The so-called "IOT", also known as sensing, is to implant various micro sensing chips into objects to make them intelligent, and then with the help of wireless networks, people can "talk" with objects, and objects can also "communicate" with each other. These objects can be small watches, keys, cars, buildings, in short, any object in daily life can become "smart" and "considerate"

Huang Qingqing, Secretary General of the China Internet association, gave an example: drunk driving is a phenomenon that people hate. If micro sensors are implanted in cars and car ignition keys, this phenomenon may be eliminated. When the drunk driver takes out the car key, the key can detect a smell of alcohol through the odor sensor, and immediately notify the car "don't start" through wireless signal. The car will automatically strike and "order" the driver to send text messages to their relatives and friends, informing them of the driver's location, and asking them to deal with it. Cars, keys and mutual communication constitute the Internet of things, which ensures the safety of drivers and pedestrians on the road

"IOT is the future development trend of Internet." Huang clarified the Secretary General's Outlook: if IOT is combined with 3G network, it will soon change people's lifestyle and make it more convenient and safe. For example, micro sensors are embedded in the packaging of poultry, eggs and milk sold in shopping malls and supermarkets, so that customers can use scanning to understand the origin and transportation of food, the time and location of processing, and even display the photos of the processing environment, whether it is green and safe, at a glance; The elderly at home wear watches with embedded smart sensors, and their children in other places can check whether their parents' blood pressure and heartbeat are stable at any time; When the owner of the intelligent house goes to work, the sensor automatically turns off the water, electricity, doors and windows, and sends messages to the owner regularly to report the safety situation. Last week, in an interview with Dr. wintoncerf, the founder of Internet, he introduced how he used the temperature of red wine storage room in his home in the United States thousands of miles away

the elevators in Chongqing can automatically remind maintenance personnel how to remove obstacles

Wuxi micro nano sensing engineering technology research and development center of the Chinese Academy of Sciences is the core unit of the current research on IOT in China. They have just sold a batch of sensor safety protection equipment worth 15million yuan to Shanghai WorldExpo Park and Pudong airport. Zhao Yonghua, assistant director, said that now some units have installed infrared alarm equipment on the walls. Even a wild cat on the wall will trigger an alarm, which is a false alarm. The set of safety equipment developed by them is composed of 100000 tiny sensors calculated according to the 45million tons eliminated this year, which are scattered on the walls and surrounding roads. The sensor can analyze and judge whether it is a man or a cat or a dog climbing the wall according to the sound, image, vibration frequency and other information. If someone is found approaching, the warning recording will be played first. If the suspect does not listen to the advice and further approaches the fence, the sensor will notify the security personnel and mobilize the camera to obtain evidence. "The security guard can query the intruder's location and intrusion method through the computer screen."

it is said that at present, the automatic sensors of more than 1200 elevators in Chongqing can automatically notify the relevant maintenance personnel when the elevator breaks down, and what tools to bring to repair what fault

at present, the IC card automatic toll collection system of all highway toll gates is also a kind of basic IOT

object and object "communication" also need a standard

"IOT is not a technological fantasy, but another technological revolution!" Gao Xinmin repeatedly stressed in the middle. Gao Xinmin is a member of the national informatization expert advisory committee if the comprehensive ban takes effect, and has long been concerned about the development of IOT technology. He confidently predicted: "in the next 10 years, at most more than a dozen years, IOT will be as popular as the Internet now."

the concept of IOT has been put forward since 1999. In the past 10 years, countries around the world have stepped up research, and China's relevant R & D level is not inferior to that of developed countries. The Chinese Academy of Sciences has long organized hundreds of scientific research forces to tackle key problems. According to Gao Xinmin, there are still some bottlenecks to be solved in IOT, one of which is technical standards. Standards are like a kind of communication rules, like the common language of speech. If standards are different, objects cannot communicate with each other, how can we talk about forming an IOT. Therefore, Europe and the United States and other countries want to launch their own standards as soon as possible. Whoever sets the international standards will take the initiative in the market and can sell the technology and equipment that meet the standards to the world. Gao Xinmin said that this is why Premier Wen Jiabao proposed that "in the development of sensing, we should plan for the future and break through the core technology as early as possible" when he visited the Wuxi micro nano sensing engineering technology research and development center of the Chinese Academy of Sciences some time ago

in this technological competition, IBM of the United States proposed the "smart planet" plan to make IOT make the world intelligent. And the "perception of China" we are proposing now is actually to popularize perception (that is, IOT) in China as soon as possible. Gao Xinmin analyzed that "perceiving China" will definitely have more breakthroughs with the national policy support. Once IOT is popularized on a large scale, countless daily necessities need to be equipped with more compact and intelligent sensors, or directly upgraded, which will bring "immeasurable business opportunities" to the market

visit the cradle of "IOT"

the magic dream of the Chinese people will be realized in Jiangsu

"in the development of sensing, we should plan for the future and break through the core technology as soon as possible"; "Accelerate the development of sensing in major national science and technology projects"; "Establish China's sensing information center, or 'sensing China' center as soon as possible". On August 7, after Premier Wen Jiabao inspected and delivered an important speech at Wuxi micro nano sensing engineering technology research and development center, "sensing" and "IOT" became hot words overnight, and Wuxi micro nano sensing engineering technology research and development center of Chinese Academy of Sciences also attracted great interest. On August 26, he made a special trip to the research center

the high-tech park is very low-key

Wuxi Taihu International Science and technology park is far away from the urban area, and the park with an area of more than 20 square kilometers is still under construction, which is a little desolate. However, entering the completed phase I Central Park, it is like being in a high-tech Oasis: the central artificial lake is rippling with microwaves, reflecting the scattered high-tech office buildings around, green spaces, willows, pavilions and waterside pavilions scattered in the park, Let visitors feel relaxed and happy

Wuxi micro nano sensing engineering technology research and development center of Chinese Academy of Sciences is located on the fourth floor of an office building in front of the artificial lake. Compared with other high-tech enterprises settled in the park, the center is extremely low-key, and no obvious name signs are hung inside and outside the building. The security guard of the building said that in the past, he and his colleagues did not know what the research institution was doing, and there were many reasons. On August 7, Premier Wen Jiabao visited the science park. First of all, he visited the "unknown" R & D center. After staying for more than 40 minutes, everyone was surprised and asked each other curiously: "what great high-tech extruder industry is this R & D center studying? There is still a large market space for the development of the industry?"

Experts can't wait for 48 hours a day. When Ms. Qian, a native of Tai'an, applied to the micro nano sensing engineering technology research and development center as the receptionist at the beginning of this year, she didn't expect to see Premier Wen with her own eyes here

she told that Premier Wen Jiabao visited the sensing exhibition area and laboratory in the R & D center, and then spoke to all staff with a microphone. Miss Qian didn't hear the premier's speech at the front desk, but later, from the excited smiling faces of her colleagues, it was obvious that everyone was in high spirits and had more momentum for scientific research

Dr. liuhaitao, deputy director of Shanghai Institute of microsystems and information technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, and director of Wuxi Gaoxin micro nano sensing engineering technology research and development center, has been more busy recently. It is said that the 41 year old technology leader has organized twoorthree young scientific and technological backbones of the Shanghai Institute of Microsystems of the Chinese Academy of Sciences to develop IOT since 2002. In order to seize a favorable position in the global technological competition, he often wished to "use a day as 48 hours" and devote himself to tackling key problems

an endless stream of visitors came to visit

now, the micro nano sensing engineering technology research and development center has become the pride of the Science Park and has become hot. From the central to the local level, an endless stream of visitors came here to visit and investigate. Two days ago, the red banners welcoming the leaders of the Ministry of science and technology had not been removed, and the staff were busy receiving several groups of guests. Miss Cui, the Director Secretary of the research center, said that on the day of the visit, three investigation groups came here to visit

it can be seen from the planning of Taihu science and technology park that an innovation park will be built here in the future. The introduced microelectronics enterprises can cooperate with Wuxi micro nano sensing engineering technology research and development center of Chinese Academy of Sciences to develop supporting equipment and accelerate the industrialization of sensing network

learned that some visitors who visited sensing technology here sincerely admired the magic of this technology. Before getting on the bus, someone looked back at Taihu science and Technology Park and said with emotion, "it won't be long before the technology bred here may change our lives!"

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